The paper attempts to explain the impacts of large transport structures on the traffic quality and urban environment, in terms of the sustainability of these structures in the long term decades. Such effects can be expressed e.g. via travel time and speed, the length of congestions and time delays, number of stoppings, fuel consumption, location and amount of pollutants produced. The rating is based on the application of mathematical models working with data measured throughout the city, using strategic detectors and floating cars, or test drives. One of the models is the estimation of fuel overconsumption due to reduced travel speed e.g. in congestions, as well as a model determining the delay costs due to traffic situation. Models and measurement data enable to compare the situation before the construction and after implementation of the structures. The method is demonstrated in the case of the Blanka tunnel complex on City Ring Road, which was opened in September 2015.
Faltus, V., Přibyl, P., Přibyl, O., & Hrdina, L. (2017). Sustainability of Large Urban Transport Structures in Terms of Traffic and Environment. In Procedia Engineering (Vol. 192, pp. 154–159). Elsevier Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proeng.2017.06.027