High-throughput DNA sequencing has proven invaluable for investigating diverse environmental and host-associated microbial communities. In this Review, we discuss emerging strategies for microbial community analysis that complement and expand traditional metagenomic profiling. These include novel DNA sequencing strategies for identifying strain-level microbial variation and community temporal dynamics; measuring multiple 'omic' data types that better capture community functional activity, such as transcriptomics, proteomics and metabolomics; and combining multiple forms of omic data in an integrated framework. We highlight studies in which the 'multi-omics' approach has led to improved mechanistic models of microbial community structure and function.
Franzosa, E. A., Hsu, T., Sirota-Madi, A., Shafquat, A., Abu-Ali, G., Morgan, X. C., & Huttenhower, C. (2015, June 18). Sequencing and beyond: Integrating molecular “omics” for microbial community profiling. Nature Reviews Microbiology. Nature Publishing Group. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrmicro3451