Genome editing technology is a technique for targeted genetic modifications, enabling the knockout and addition of specific DNA fragments. This technology has been widely used in various types of biomedical research, clinics and agriculture. In terms of disease research, constructing appropriate animal models is necessary. Combining reproductive technology with genome editing, many animal disease models have been generated for basic and clinical research. In addition, precisely targeted modifications allow genome editing to flourish in the field of gene therapy. Many mutations refractory to traditional gene therapy could be permanently corrected at the DNA level. Thus, genome editing is undoubtedly a promising technology for gene therapy. In this review, we mainly introduce the applications of genome editing in constructing animal disease models and gene therapies, as well as its future prospects and challenges.
Li, Q., Qin, Z., Wang, Q., Xu, T., Yang, Y., & He, Z. (2019, January 1). Applications of Genome Editing Technology in Animal Disease Modeling and Gene Therapy. Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal. Elsevier B.V. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.csbj.2019.05.006