Although mammalian ovaries contain hundreds of thousands of pre-antral follicles, fewer than 1% of these reach maturity and ovulation. Obtaining immature eggs from the pre-antral follicles of ovarian tissue could increase the possibility of preserving fertility in women undergoing anti-cancer treatment, and in women who wish to delay pregnancy and child raising until they are older. This study reports the birth of 10 healthy mouse pups derived from oocytes obtained from pre-antral follicles after adult ovary tissue cryopreservation and allotransplantation. High in-vitro maturation (55.1%), fertilization (76.3%) and cleavage (98.3%) rates were achieved using these oocytes, and there was no significant difference between the vitrified and control samples except in maturation rate (55.1 versus 72.8%, P < 0.05). After an ultra-rapid vitrification procedure, the warmed tissue fragments were transplanted beneath the kidney capsule of severe combined immunodeficient mice for onward in-vivo culture. Within 10 days of culture, 138 full size oocytes developed from the 456 transplanted pre-antral follicles. In-vivo growth of follicles was followed by in-vitro oocyte maturation, in-vitro fertilization and subsequent embryo transfer, leading to the birth of 10 healthy pups. These results may lead to increasing the possibility of preserving fertility by cryopreservation of ovarian tissue. © 2007 Published by Reproductive Healthcare Ltd.
Kagawa, N., Kuwayama, M., Nakata, K., Vajta, G., Silber, S., Manabe, N., & Kato, O. (2007). Production of the first offspring from oocytes derived from fresh and cryopreserved pre-antral follicles of adult mice. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, 14(6), 693–699. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1472-6483(10)60670-0