Oxidative stress occurs in brains of Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients. A major question in AD research is whether the oxidative stress is just secondary to neurodegeneration. To test whether oxidative stress is an inherent property of AD tissues, the ability of cultured fibroblasts bearing the AD Presenilin-1 246 Ala→Glu mutation to handle reactive oxygen species (ROS) was compared to controls. Although ROS in cells from AD subjects were only slightly less than cells from controls under basal conditions (-10%) or after exposure to H2O2 (-16%), treatment with antioxidants revealed clear differences. Pretreatment with DMSO, a hydroxyl radical scavenger, reduced basal and H2O2-induced ROS levels significantly more in cells from controls (-22%, -22%) than in those from AD subjects (-4%, +14%). On the other hand, pretreatment with Trolox diminished H2O2-induced ROS significantly more in cells from AD (-60%) than control subjects (-39%). In summary, cells from AD patients have greater Trolox sensitive ROS and less DMSO sensitive ROS than controls. The results demonstrate that fibroblasts bearing this PS-1 mutation have altered means of handling oxidative stress and appear useful for determining the mechanism underlying the altered redox metabolism. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
Gibson, G. E., Zhang, H., Sheu, K. F. R., & Park, L. C. H. (2000). Differential alterations in antioxidant capacity in cells from Alzheimer patients. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - Molecular Basis of Disease, 1502(3), 319–329. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0925-4439(00)00057-0