We review the basic theoretical formulation for pulsed X-ray scattering on nonstationary molecular states. Relevant time scales are discussed for coherent as well as incoherent X-ray pulses. The general formalism is applied to a nonstationary diatomic molecule in order to highlight the relation between the signal and the time-dependent quantum distribution of internuclear positions. Finally, a few experimental results are briefly discussed. © 2011 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.
Møller, K. B., & Henriksen, N. E. (2012). Time-resolved X-ray diffraction: The dynamics of the chemical bond. Structure and Bonding. https://doi.org/10.1007/430_2011_58