Assessment of satellite-based chlorophyll-a algorithms in eutrophic Korean coastal waters: Jinhae Bay case study

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Abstract

Jinhae Bay, one of the most important aquaculture areas in Korean coastal waters, has suffered from serious environmental problems due to intensive anthropogenic activities since the 1970s. Determining the response of coastal ecosystems in Korea to anthropogenic activities requires understanding the characteristics of chlorophyll-a concentration (Chl-a), and the high spatiotemporal resolution of the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) can aid these efforts. However, producing reliable satellite-based Chl-a estimates is challenging in optically complex coastal waters and the Chl-a estimation algorithms must be assessed regionally. Based on in situ Chl-a measurements collected in Jinhae Bay between 2011 and 2016, we evaluated GOCI-derived Chl-a estimates obtained using six ocean color Chl-a algorithms: two standard open ocean algorithms, one GOCI-standard algorithm, and three Tassan's algorithms regionally modified for Korean waters. All of the algorithms tended to underestimate high Chl-a values > 0.9 mg m-3. The Yellow Sea Large Marine Ecosystem Ocean Color Project (YOC) algorithm, one of the modified Tassan's algorithms, provided the best fit to the in situ Chl-a measurements in Jinhae Bay (r = 0.51, p < 0.05), including appropriate representations of the spatial and temporal variation. Therefore, this algorithm can be considered a baseline approach for satellite-based long-term coastal monitoring systems in Jinhae Bay.

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Yoon, J. E., Lim, J. H., Son, S. H., Youn, S. H., Oh, H. J., Hwang, J. D., … Kim, I. N. (2019). Assessment of satellite-based chlorophyll-a algorithms in eutrophic Korean coastal waters: Jinhae Bay case study. Frontiers in Marine Science, 6(JUN). https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2019.00359

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