Activating mutations in different domains of the ABCC8 gene-coded sulfonylurea receptor 1 (SUR1) cause neonatal diabetes. Here we show that a diabetogenic mutation in an unexplored helix preceding the ABC core of SUR1 dramatically increases open probability of (SUR1/Kir6.2) 4 channel (KATP) by reciprocally changing rates of its transitions to and from the long-lived, inhibitory ligand-stabilized closed state. This kinetic mechanism attenuates ATP and sulfonylurea inhibition, but not Mg-nucleotide stimulation, of SUR1/Kir6.2. The results suggest a key role for L0 helix in KATP gating and together with previous findings from mutant KATP clarify why many patients with neonatal diabetes require high doses of sulfonylureas. © 2011 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Babenko, A. P., & Vaxillaire, M. (2011). Mechanism of KATP hyperactivity and sulfonylurea tolerance due to a diabetogenic mutation in L0 helix of sulfonylurea receptor 1 (ABCC8). FEBS Letters, 585(22), 3555–3559. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.febslet.2011.10.020