Genome-wide identification and expression characterization of the DoG gene family of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis)

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Abstract

Background: The DoG (Delay of Germination1) family plays a key regulatory role in seed dormancy and germination. However, to date, there is no complete genomic overview of the DoG gene family of any economically valuable crop, including moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis), and no studies have been conducted to characterize its expression profile. To identify the DoG gene members of moso bamboo (PeDoG) and to investigate their family structural features and tissue expression profile characteristics, a study was conducted. Based on the whole genome and differential transcriptome data, in this investigation, we have scrutinized the physicochemical properties, gene structure, cis-acting elements, phylogenetic relationships, conserved structural (CS) domains, CS motifs and expression patterns of the PeDoG1 family of moso bamboo. Results: The DoG family genes of moso bamboo were found distributed across 16 chromosomal scaffolds with 24 members. All members were found to carry DoG1 structural domains, while 23 members additionally possessed basic leucine zipper (bZIP) structural domains. We could divide the PeDoG genes into three subfamilies based on phylogenetic relationships. Covariance analysis revealed that tandem duplication was the main driver of amplification of the PeDoG genes. The upstream promoter of these genes containing several cis-acting elements indicates a plausible role in abiotic stress and hormone induction. Gene expression pattern according to transcriptome data revealed participation of the PeDoG genes in tissue and organ development. Analysis using Short Time-series Expression Miner (STEM) tool revealed that the PeDoG gene family is also associated with rapid early shoot growth. Gene ontology (GO) and KEGG analyses showed a dual role of the PeDoG genes. We found that PeDoGs has a possible role as bZIP transcription factors by regulating Polar like1 (PL1) gene expression, and thereby playing a disease response role in moso bamboo. Quantitative gene expression of the PeDoG genes revealed that they were abundantly expressed in roots and leaves, and could be induced in response to gibberellin (GA). Conclusion: In this study, we found that the PeDoG genes are involved in a wide range of activities such as growth and development, stress response and transcription. This forms the first report of PeDoG genes and their potential roles in moso bamboo.

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Zhijun, Z., Peiyao, Y., Bing, H., Ruifang, M., Vinod, K. K., & Ramakrishnan, M. (2022). Genome-wide identification and expression characterization of the DoG gene family of moso bamboo (Phyllostachys edulis). BMC Genomics, 23(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12864-022-08551-3

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