Characterization and Management of Arrhythmic Events in Young Patients With Brugada Syndrome

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Abstract

Background: Information on young patients with Brugada syndrome (BrS) and arrhythmic events (AEs) is limited. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to describe their characteristics and management as well as risk factors for AE recurrence. Methods: A total of 57 patients (age ≤20 years), all with BrS and AEs, were divided into pediatric (age ≤12 years; n = 26) and adolescents (age 13 to 20 years; n = 31). Results: Patients’ median age at time of first AE was 14 years, with a majority of males (74%), Caucasians (70%), and probands (79%) who presented as aborted cardiac arrest (84%). A significant proportion of patients (28%) exhibited fever-related AE. Family history of sudden cardiac death (SCD), prior syncope, spontaneous type 1 Brugada electrocardiogram (ECG), inducible ventricular fibrillation at electrophysiological study, and SCN5A mutations were present in 26%, 49%, 65%, 28%, and 58% of patients, respectively. The pediatric group differed from the adolescents, with a greater proportion of females, Caucasians, fever-related AEs, and spontaneous type-1 ECG. During follow-up, 68% of pediatric and 64% of adolescents had recurrent AE, with median time of 9.9 and 27.0 months, respectively. Approximately one-third of recurrent AEs occurred on quinidine therapy, and among the pediatric group, 60% of recurrent AEs were fever-related. Risk factors for recurrent AE included sinus node dysfunction, atrial arrhythmias, intraventricular conduction delay, or large S-wave on ECG lead I in the pediatric group and the presence of SCN5A mutation among adolescents. Conclusions: Young BrS patients with AE represent a very arrhythmogenic group. Current management after first arrhythmia episode is associated with high recurrence rate. Alternative therapies, besides defibrillator implantation, should be considered.

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APA

Michowitz, Y., Milman, A., Andorin, A., Sarquella-Brugada, G., Gonzalez Corcia, M. C., Gourraud, J. B., … Belhassen, B. (2019). Characterization and Management of Arrhythmic Events in Young Patients With Brugada Syndrome. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 73(14), 1756–1765. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2019.01.048

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