Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae, the causal agent of bacterial blight of Araceae (aroids), is a regulated pest in several countries and is included in the EPPO A2 List. Reference strains of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae have recently been reclassified into the species Xanthomonas phaseoli, Xanthomonas citri and Xanthomonas euvesicatoria on the basis of different features, including multilocus sequence analysis, average nucleotide identity and homology in DNA–DNA hybridization analyses. Based on pathogenicity tests, Constantin et al. (2017) proposed naming the pathogens on aroids as X. phaseoli pv. dieffenbachiae, X. phaseoli pv. syngonii and X. citri pv. aracearum. Recommendations are made on how to deal with these changes for the group of pathogenic bacteria for Araceae. The name Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae on the EPPO List should be adjusted to the names proposed in the taxonomic study by Constantin et al. (2016). The current EPPO Diagnostic Standard is directed at strains pathogenic on Anthurium. They mainly belong to X. phaseoli pv. dieffenbachiae, but some also to X. citri pv. aracearum that are not detected by the EPPO Diagnostic Standard. Xanthomonas phaseoli pv. syngonii strains are also aggressive, but with a host range restricted to Syngonium. The pathogenicity specific to aroids of the bacterial isolates reclassified as Xanthomonas euvesicatoria was not confirmed and no pathovar epithet has been retained for these strains.
Cottyn, B., Constantin, E. C., & Maes, M. (2018). Consequences of the taxonomic revision of Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. dieffenbachiae and of the analysis of its associated pathogenicity for the recommendation of regulation (EPPO A2 List). EPPO Bulletin, 48(2), 242–244. https://doi.org/10.1111/epp.12463