Background: Mycobacterium jacuzzii (M. jacuzzii) was first isolated in 2003 by insertion of breast implants in Tel Aviv, Israel. In this case report, we describe our experience in detection of M. jacuzzii using phenotypic and genotypic test of wrist synovial sample. Case presentation: A 73-year-old woman complained of pain and swelling in the right wrist for 4 months. Her body temperature was 37-38 °C, and symptoms, such as pain, swelling, and some movement limitation, were reported. Clinical laboratory parameters showed an elevated C-reactive protein (CRP) level, erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), and white blood cells (WBC) count. The sequences of hsp65, rpoB, 16S rDNA, and sodA genes indicated very high homology to M. jacuzzii. Conclusion: We report a case of synovial infection caused by M. jacuzzii in a patient with severe wrist pain in Iran, who was treated with amikacin, levofloxacin, and ethambutol. The outcomes of treatment after 8 months were positive, and no recurrence of infection was reported in the patient.
Sakhaee, F., Masoumi, M., Vaziri, F., Siadat, S. D., & Fateh, A. (2020). A case report of wrist synovial infection due to Mycobacterium jacuzzii, Iran. BMC Infectious Diseases, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12879-020-05385-w