L-Carnitine-supplementation in advanced pancreatic cancer (CARPAN) - A randomized multicentre trial

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Abstract

Background: Cachexia, a >10% loss of body-weight, is one factor determining the poor prognosis of pancreatic cancer. Deficiency of L-Carnitine has been proposed to cause cancer cachexia. Findings: We screened 152 and enrolled 72 patients suffering from advanced pancreatic cancer in a prospective, multi-centre, placebo-controlled, randomized and double-blinded trial to receive oral L-Carnitine (4 g) or placebo for 12 weeks. At entry patients reported a mean weight loss of 12 ± 2,5 (SEM) kg. During treatment body-massindex increased by 3,4 ± 1,4% under L-Carnitine and decreased (?1,5 ± 1,4%) in controls (p<0,05). Moreover, nutritional status (body cell mass, body fat) and quality-of-life parameters improved under L-Carnitine. There was a trend towards an increased overall survival in the L-Carnitine group (median 519 ± 50 d versus 399 ± 43 d, not significant) and towards a reduced hospital-stay (36 ± 4d versus 41 ± 9d,n.s.). Conclusion: While these data are preliminary and need confirmation they indicate that patients with pancreatic cancer may have a clinically relevant benefit from the inexpensive and well tolerated oral supplementation of L-Carnitine. © 2012 Kraft et al.

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Kraft, M., Kraft, K., Gärtner, S., Mayerle, J., Simon, P., Weber, E., … Lerch, M. M. (2012). L-Carnitine-supplementation in advanced pancreatic cancer (CARPAN) - A randomized multicentre trial. Nutrition Journal, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-11-52

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