Closely related yet different: A borylene and its dimer are non-interconvertible but connected through reactivity

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Abstract

The self-stabilizing, tetrameric cyanoborylene [(cAAC)B(CN)]4 (I, cAAC = 1-(2,6-diisopropylphenyl)-3,3,5,5-tetramethylpyrrolidin-2-ylidene) and its diborene relative, [(cAAC)(CN)BB(CN)(cAAC)] (II), both react with disulfides and diselenides to yield the corresponding cAAC-supported cyanoboron bis(chalcogenides). Furthermore, reactions of I or II with elemental sulfur and selenium in various stoichiometries provided access to a variety of cAAC-stabilized cyanoboron-chalcogen heterocycles, including a unique dithiaborirane, a diboraselenirane, 1,3-dichalcogena-2,4-diboretanes, 1,3,4-trichalcogena-2,5-diborolanes and a rare six-membered 1,2,4,5-tetrathia-3,6-diborinane. Stepwise addition reactions and solution stability studies provided insights into the mechanism of these reactions and the subtle differences in reactivity observed between I and II.

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Auerhammer, D., Arrowsmith, M., Dewhurst, R. D., Kupfer, T., Böhnke, J., & Braunschweig, H. (2018). Closely related yet different: A borylene and its dimer are non-interconvertible but connected through reactivity. Chemical Science, 9(8), 2252–2260. https://doi.org/10.1039/c7sc04789d

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