Internal hernia and small bowel obstruction following open ileoanal pouch formation: A case report

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Introduction Internal herniae, although rare, can give rise to potentially serious morbidity and mortality. The protrusion and entrapment of the small bowel through an embryological or iatrogenic mesenteric aperture within the confines of the peritoneal cavity can be difficult to diagnose, and delay treatment (operative). Timely intervention must be achieved to minimize small bowel ischemia and infarction. Case presentation In this case, a young lady who had a previous laparoscopic total colectomy and ileostomy developed an unusual internal hernia. Small bowel was passing behind the lesser curvature of the stomach causing the stomach to be rotated to form of a tight "band" trapping bowel. The herniated small bowel was reduced, hence, avoiding resection; the defect closed by interupted 4-0 PDS. "Prompt" surgery avoided small bowel length resection and sacrifice of the ileoanal pouch reconstruction. Discussion It is theorized that a laparoscopic approach results in a more advanced mobilization of the mesentery right up to the small bowel origin, and with less adhesion formation may in fact promote unusual internal hernia and volvulus. Conclusion The case presented highlights the difficulty in making the diagnosis, and the pictures clearly indicate an unusual hernia passing directly behind the stomach and involving a large section of the small bowel. The lead up history of several admissions with sub acute small bowel obstruction suggested the underlying problem was adhesional but quite clearly there was a well defined internal hernia. Without timely surgery she would have been at high risk of losing her pouch.




Nair, H. S., Watt, K. A., & Anderson, D. N. (2015). Internal hernia and small bowel obstruction following open ileoanal pouch formation: A case report. International Journal of Surgery Case Reports, 11, 68–70.

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