Pediatric hepatic rhabdoid tumor: A rare cause of abdominal mass in children

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Abstract

Pediatric hepatic rhabdoid tumors are rare tumors of the liver, with few cases reported in the literature. These aggressive tumors can be difficult to differentiate from hepatoblastomas on imaging alone, and surgical biopsy combined with special immunohistochemical stains can assist in differentiating these 2 tumor types. We present a case of hepatic rhabdoid tumor in a 7-month-old female infant, which was originally thought to be a hepatoblastoma; however, using BAF47 staining for INI-1 we were able to diagnose a rhabdoid tumor and affect the patient's medical oncologic therapy. Earlier detection and a better understanding of the imaging features of hepatic rhabdoid tumor may aid in improved patient management and treatment planning.

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Kapral, N., Melmer, P., Druzgal, C. H., & Lancaster, L. (2018). Pediatric hepatic rhabdoid tumor: A rare cause of abdominal mass in children. Radiology Case Reports, 13(3), 724–727. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radcr.2018.03.017

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