Risk factors and outcomes in non-transplant patients with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli bacteremia: A retrospective study from 2013 to 2016

9Citations
Citations of this article
21Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.

This article is free to access.

Abstract

Background: Escherichia coli is one of the most common strains of extended-spectrum β-lactam (ESBL)-producing bacteria, and the prevention and treatment of ESBL-producing E. coli infections is an ongoing challenge. The clinical characteristics and outcomes of ESBL-producing E. coli bacteremia in non-transplant patients remain to be elucidated. Methods: This retrospective study included 491 non-transplant patients with E. coli bloodstream infections (BSIs) from January 2013 to December 2016 and was conducted to investigate the risk factors, clinical features, and outcomes of these infections. Results: Of the 491 E. coli BSI patients, 57.6% suffered from infections with ESBL-producing strains. A multivariate analysis showed that urinary tract infection, prior use of cephalosporin, and treatment with β-lactam-β-lactamase inhibitor (BLBLI) combination antibiotics were independent risk factors for the development of ESBL-producing E. coli BSIs. The overall mortality rate in E. coli BSI patients was 14.46%, and there was no significant difference in the 28 day mortality rate between ESBL-producing E. coli and non-ESBL-producing E. coli BSI patients (14.8% vs. 14.0%, respectively; P = 0.953). Similarly, there was no difference between the community-acquired infection group and the nosocomial infection group. Hepatobiliary disease, carbapenem exposure, high APACHE II score, and hypoproteinemia were independent risk factors for death in E. coli BSI patients. Multivariate analysis showed that hypoproteinemia and severe disease were independent risk factors for death from ESBL-producing E. coli BSIs. Furthermore, there was no significant difference in the 28 day mortality between patients with ESBL-producing E. coli BSIs treated with carbapenem monotherapy versus those treated with BLBLI combination antibiotics (12.8% vs. 17.9%, respectively; P = 0.384). Conclusions: Prior use of cephalosporin or BLBLI combination antibiotics increased the risk ratio for ESBL-producing E. coli infection. Hypoproteinemia and severe disease are independent risk factors for death in patients with E. coli BSIs. There was no significant difference in the 28 day prognosis of patients with ESBL-producing E. coli and those with non-ESBL-producing E. coli BSIs. These data do not support the conclusion that carbapenems might be more effective than BLBLI antibiotics for treatment of patients with BSIs caused by ESBL-producing E. coli.

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Xiao, T., Yang, K., Zhou, Y., Zhang, S., Ji, J., Ying, C., … Xiao, Y. (2019). Risk factors and outcomes in non-transplant patients with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli bacteremia: A retrospective study from 2013 to 2016. Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control, 8(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13756-019-0599-y

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free