Predicting erosion and sediment yield in a mesoscale basin in the semiarid monsoon region Miyun/China

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Abstract

Introduction Changes in land use and agricultural management have caused a strong increase in sediment and particulate phosphorus input into the Miyun reservoir. The simulation of the relevant runoff and sediment fluxes at the mesoscale needs adequate procedures, adapted to a semiarid monsoon climate and regional land-use pattern. Results The modified Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE-M) was integrated into the STOFFBILANZ model to calculate daily soil losses in the entire Miyun catchment area. The results are well within the range of monitoring data from Wischmeier plots that are located inside the investigation area. For the reference year 2009, soil erosion was estimated at an average of 952 kg ha-1 year-1. Daily based simulation of sediment input into surface waters was done in the next step, taking into account the likeliness of sediment input and sediment delivery ratio. Average sediment inputs are by 113 kg ha-1 year-1. Critical source areas are located on cropland and are particularly relevant on the former lakebed of the Miyun reservoir which has recently been used for corn cropping.Conclusions Compared with observation data from the Bai and Chao rivers, the simulation of sediment loads showed a satisfying agreement that underlines the suitability of the selected approach to substitute recently used one-year balances based on the Universal Soil Loss Equation (USLE) approach. Conservation tillage was selected as a possible mitigation option to reduce soil erosion and sediment loads. Owing to the limited availability of spatial and monitoring data, the simulations are approximate and only a first step in contributing to an integrated river basin management that should be improved in future. © 2014 Gebel et al.

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Gebel, M., Uhlig, M., Halbfass, S., Meissner, R., & Duan, S. (2014). Predicting erosion and sediment yield in a mesoscale basin in the semiarid monsoon region Miyun/China. Ecological Processes, 3(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/2192-1709-3-5

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