In this chapter, an overview is given of the analytical methods developed for the determination of phthalates in different environmental samples, including water, soil, sediments, sludges, air and biota. The analytical methods based on gas chromatography coupled to mass spectroscopy (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectroscopy (LC-MS) are described and typical applications are presented. Dedicated sample preparation methods are described and compared. Special attention is paid to contamination problems.
David, F., Sandra, P., Tienpont, B., Vanwalleghem, F., & Ikonomou, M. (2003). Analytical methods review. In Handbook of Environmental Chemistry (Vol. 3, pp. 9–56). Springer Verlag. https://doi.org/10.1007/b11461