After the introduction of bladder replacement procedures, the indications for prophylactic urethrectomy have become more and more restricted. While years ago, a prophylactic urethrectomy was performed in many patients with cutaneous diversions, it has become clear that only patients with invasion by transitional cell carcinoma at the level of the prostatic urethra or bladder neck have a substantial risk of developing subsequent urethral recurrence. The pre- or intra-operative assessment of the prostatic urethra in males and of the bladder neck in females is the key to appropriate management of the urethra in patients with bladder cancer. © 2003 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Van Poppel, H., & Sorgeloose, T. (2003, August 1). Radical cystectomy with or without urethrectomy? Critical Reviews in Oncology/Hematology. Elsevier Ireland Ltd. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1040-8428(03)00077-5