Introduction The impact of time to treatment on clinical outcome is an established precept in infectious disease but is not established in peritoneal dialysis–related peritonitis (PDRP). Methods In a prospective multicenter study of PDRP, symptom-to-contact time (SC), contact-to-treatment time (CT), defined as the time from health care presentation to initial antibiotic, and symptom-to-treatment time (ST) were determined. Results One hundred sixteen patients had 159 episodes of PDRP. Median SC for all episodes was 5.0 hours (first to third quartile [Q1–Q3]: 1.3–13.9); CT, 2.3 hours (Q1–Q3: 1.2–4.0); and ST, 9.0 hours (Q1–Q3: 4.7–25.3). Thirty-eight (23.9%) patient episodes (28 catheter removals and 10 deaths) met the primary composite outcome of PD failure at 30 days (PD-fail). The risk of PD-fail increased by 5.5% for each hour of delay of administration of antibiotics (odds ratio [OR] for CT: 1.055; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.005–1.109; P = 0.032). Neither SC (OR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.99–1.01; P = 0.74) nor ST (OR: 1.00; 95% CI: 0.99–1.01; P = 0.48) was associated with PD-fail. In a multivariable analysis, only CT for presentation to a hospital-based facility compared with a community facility (OR: 1.068; 95% CI: 1.013–1.126; P = 0.015) and female sex (OR: 2.4; 95% CI: 1.1–5.4; P = 0.027) were independently associated with PD-fail. Each hour of delay in administering antibacterial therapy from the time of presentation to a hospital facility increased the risk of PD failure or death by 6.8%. Discussion Strategies targeted to expedited antibiotic treatment should be implemented to improve outcomes from PDRP.
Muthucumarana, K., Howson, P., Crawford, D., Burrows, S., Swaminathan, R., & Irish, A. (2016). The Relationship Between Presentation and the Time of Initial Administration of Antibiotics With Outcomes of Peritonitis in Peritoneal Dialysis Patients: The PROMPT Study. Kidney International Reports, 1(2), 65–72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ekir.2016.05.003