At present, the remediation for organic pollutants and heavy metals co-contaminated soils is a challenge which needs to be broken through. In this study, alkyl polyglucoside (APG), citric acid (CA), and nitrilotriacetic acid (NTA) were chosen to enhance the phytoremediation of pyrene and Pb co-contaminated soils by perennial ryegrass. Through the comparison of the results with different applications, it could be found that the application of NTA was beneficial to the growth of perennial ryegrass, the underground and aboveground biomass were increased by 172.9–236.1% and 61.9–142.8%, respectively, meanwhile, photosynthetic activity of perennial ryegrass was affected positively. More importantly, the combined application of APG and NTA maximally promoted the accumulation and translocation of Pb (BF/TF, 0.44/0.61) and dissipation of pyrene (71.6%). These results indicated that the combined application of APG and NTA could be promising for future practical application of phytoremediation. However, the optimal dosage ratio of APG and NTA for phytoremediation needs to be further researched.
Liu, X., Cao, L., Zhang, X., Chen, J., Huo, Z., & Mao, Y. (2018). Influence of alkyl polyglucoside, citric acid, and nitrilotriacetic acid on phytoremediation in pyrene-Pb co-contaminated soils. International Journal of Phytoremediation, 20(10), 1055–1061. https://doi.org/10.1080/15226514.2018.1460305