OBJECTIVE:: In-hospital cardiac arrest is an important public health problem. High-quality resuscitation improves survival but is difficult to achieve. Our objective is to evaluate the effectiveness of a novel, interdisciplinary, postevent quantitative debriefing program to improve survival outcomes after in-hospital pediatric chest compression events. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PATIENTS:: Single-center prospective interventional study of children who received chest compressions between December 2008 and June 2012 in the ICU. INTERVENTIONS:: Structured, quantitative, audiovisual, interdisciplinary debriefing of chest compression events with front-line providers. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS:: Primary outcome was survival to hospital discharge. Secondary outcomes included survival of event (return of spontaneous circulation for 20 min) and favorable neurologic outcome. Primary resuscitation quality outcome was a composite variable, termed "excellent cardiopulmonary resuscitation," prospectively defined as a chest compression depth 38 mm, rate 100/min, ≤ 10% of chest compressions with leaning, and a chest compression fraction > 90% during a given 30-second epoch. Quantitative data were available only for patients who are 8 years old or older. There were 119 chest compression events (60 control and 59 interventional). The intervention was associated with a trend toward improved survival to hospital discharge on both univariate analysis (52% vs 33%, p = 0.054) and after controlling for confounders (adjusted odds ratio, 2.5; 95% CI, 0.91-6.8; p = 0.075), and it significantly increased survival with favorable neurologic outcome on both univariate (50% vs 29%, p = 0.036) and multivariable analyses (adjusted odds ratio, 2.75; 95% CI, 1.01-7.5; p = 0.047). Cardiopulmonary resuscitation epochs for patients who are 8 years old or older during the debriefing period were 5.6 times more likely to meet targets of excellent cardiopulmonary resuscitation (95% CI, 2.9-10.6; p < 0.01). CONCLUSION:: Implementation of an interdisciplinary, postevent quantitative debriefing program was significantly associated with improved cardiopulmonary resuscitation quality and survival with favorable neurologic outcome. © 2014 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine.
Wolfe, H., Zebuhr, C., Topjian, A. A., Nishisaki, A., Niles, D. E., Meaney, P. A., … Sutton, R. M. (2014). Interdisciplinary ICU cardiac arrest debriefing improves survival outcomes. Critical Care Medicine, 42(7), 1688–1695. https://doi.org/10.1097/CCM.0000000000000327