An environment-friendly and cost-effective extraction method has been studied for the removal of arsenic from contaminated soil. A yellow-brown forest soil was contaminated with arsenic(V) and used as a model soil. Among various potassium and sodium salts, potassium phosphate was most effective in extracting arsenic, attaining more than 40% extraction in the pH range of 6-8 with minimum damage to the soil properties. Exchange mechanism is proposed for the extraction of arsenic from soil by phosphate. Sequential extraction shows that phosphate is effective in extracting arsenic of Al- and Fe-bound forms. Arsenic of residual form was not extracted. Arsenic was efficiently extracted by phosphate solution of pH 6.0 at 300 mM phosphate concentration and at 40°C. © 2001 Elsevier Science Ltd.
Alam, M. G. M., Tokunaga, S., & Maekawa, T. (2001). Extraction of arsenic in a synthetic arsenic-contaminated soil using phosphate. Chemosphere, 43(8), 1035–1041. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0045-6535(00)00205-8
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