Mouse models for diseases in the cholangiocyte lineage

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Abstract

Cholangiopathies are an important group of liver diseases affecting the biliary system, and the purpose of this review is to describe how diseases in the biliary system can be studied in mouse models. A particular focus is placed on mouse models for Alagille syndrome, a cholangiopathy with a strong genetic link to dysfunctional Notch signaling. Recently, a number of different genetic mouse models based on various manipulations of the Notch signaling pathway have been generated to study Alagille syndrome, and we discuss the resulting phenotypes, and possible causes for the phenotypic heterogeneity among the various models. In the final section, we provide a more general discussion on how well mouse models can be expected to mimic human liver disease, as well as an outlook toward the need for new technologies that can help us to gain new insights from mouse models for liver disease.

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Van Hul, N., Lendahl, U., & Andersson, E. R. (2019). Mouse models for diseases in the cholangiocyte lineage. In Methods in Molecular Biology (Vol. 1981, pp. 203–236). Humana Press Inc. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4939-9420-5_14

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