Two Coryphaena hippurus morphotypes (dourado and palombeta) are found along the Brazilian coast and are considered by Rio de Janeiro’s fisherman and fishmongers as two different species. Furthermore, these morphotypes are commercialized under different values and suffer different fishing pressure. Therefore, a definition of their taxonomic status is an important economic and biological matter. In order to investigate this problem, allozyme electrophoresis method was undertaken for seventeen loci on 117 individuals of C. hippurus sampled at Cabo Frio/RJ (Brazil). The data indicate homogeneity between the morphotypes gene pools. Nevertheless, differences were found for genetic variation among dourado and palombeta, especially due to alcohol dehydrogenase locus. Natural selection hypothesis is discussed in explaining these findings.
Bonner, A., Duarte, M. R., Souza, R. C. C. L., Monteiro-Neto, C., & Silva, E. P. (2017). Taxonomic status of two morphotypes of Coryphaena hippurus (Perciformes: Coryphaenidae). Neotropical Ichthyology, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-0224-20160102