Rendimento de carcaça de codornas de corte em cruzamentos dialélicos

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This study aimed to evaluate the weight and carcass yield and cuts of meat quails through the methodology of diallel crosses. It was used four strains of meat quails, named L1, L2, L3 and L4. The mating system provided 16 groups of progenies, four parents (pure), six F1 crossbred and six F1 reciprocal crossbred, allocated in experimental batteries in three replicates. On the day 42th day of life, five males from each experimental unit were randomly chosen and destined for slaughter, to evaluate weight, weight and production of carcass, chest and legs; and wings yield. The diallel analyses were developed using univariate analysis, considering the methodology of complete diallel, including p2 combinations, from the average of the genotype combinations. The analyses of combining ability showed significance for general combining ability (GCA), body weight, carcass weight, breast meat, legs and wings, while specific combining ability (SCA) was significant only for the weight and leg yield. The mean squares of GCA were, in general, higher values than SCA ones, showing the prevalence of additive effects on expression of these traits, indicating that these improved traits can be achieved through the selection process. The lines L1, L2 and L4 showed positive GCA values in almost all traits evaluated, and can be considered above the average of the lines involved in diallel; therefore, provide the most favorable for increasing the assessed traits. It was observed a greater additive effect of genes, suggesting that the selection of inbred lines can bring satisfactory gains, being the line L2 the most promising, based on their general combining ability. For legs' weight crossing L2×L4 would be more appropriate, and for legs yield, crossing L1×L4, based on specific combining ability.




Drumond, E. S. C., Pires, A. V., Bonafé, C. M., Moreira, J., Veloso, R. de C., Rocha, G. M. de F., … Alcântara, D. C. (2014). Rendimento de carcaça de codornas de corte em cruzamentos dialélicos. Ciencia Rural, 44(1), 129–134.

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