Diet soda intake is associated with long-term increases in waist circumference in a biethnic cohort of older adults: The san antonio longitudinal study of aging

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Abstract

Objectives To examine the relationship between diet soda (DS) intake (DSI) and long-term waist circumference (WC) change (ΔWC) in the biethnic San Antonio Longitudinal Study of Aging (SALSA). Design Prospective cohort study. Setting San Antonio, Texas, neighborhoods. Participants SALSA examined 749 Mexican-American and European-American individuals aged 65 and older at baseline (baseline, 1992-96); 474 (79.1%) survivors completed follow-up 1 (FU1, 2000-01), 413 (73.4%) completed FU2 (2001-03), and 375 (71.0%) completed FU3 (2003-04). Participants completed a mean of 2.64 follow-up intervals, for 9.4 total follow-up years. Measurements DSI, WC, height, and weight were measured at outset and at the conclusion of each interval: baseline, FU1, FU2, and FU3. Results Adjusted for initial WC, demographic characteristics, physical activity, diabetes mellitus, and smoking, mean interval ΔWC of DS users (2.11 cm, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.45-2.76 cm) was almost triple that of nonusers (0.77 cm, 95% CI = 0.29-1.23 cm) (P

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Fowler, S. P. G., Williams, K., & Hazuda, H. P. (2015). Diet soda intake is associated with long-term increases in waist circumference in a biethnic cohort of older adults: The san antonio longitudinal study of aging. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, 63(4), 708–715. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.13376

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