Satisfaction in parturients receiving epidural analgesia after prenatal shared decision-making intervention: A prospective, before-and-after cohort study

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Abstract

Background: The explanation of epidural analgesia by anesthesiologist would often begin after the parturient is admitted to the hospital. Because of labor pain, the decision of receiving epidural analgesia would often be made by the family members, instead of the parturient herself. We aimed to test whether earlier prenatal shared decision-making (SDM) interventions increase parturient's comprehension and satisfaction of epidural labor analgesia, compared to conventional explanation after labor pain begun. Methods: During the 28th week of gestation, we provided the SDM parturient health education as well as a leaflet with quick response codes. Scanning the code would link to education videoclips which explained what epidural analgesia is and its advantages and disadvantages. Original routine practice group parturients received explanation of analgesia after admission for delivery. To measure the satisfaction of labor pain service, the accessibility of information, and the communication with medical staff, we designed a questionnaire with reference to (1) Pregnancy and Maternity Care Patients' Experiences Questionnaire (PreMaPEQ), (2) Preterm Birth Experience and Satisfaction Scale (P-BESS), and (3) Women's Views of Birth Labor Satisfaction Questionnaire (WOMBLSQ). The questionnaire was amended after a pretest involving 30 parturients who had received epidural analgesia. Scree test analysis and exploratory factor analysis were performed; then, the questionnaire was revised again. A total of 200 valid questionnaires were collected - 100 each from the original routine practice group and the SDM group. Results: The SDM group reported significantly higher satisfaction with and understanding of epidural analgesia, and a significantly higher satisfaction with the information received, and the quality of pain relief. After SDM intervention, significant increasement of the average satisfaction scores in question "my epidural is effective"(9.10%; mean difference: 0.38; 95% confidence interval, 0.17 ~ 0.59; p < 0.001) and "The effect of epidural is just as what I have expected"(10.41%; mean difference: 0.41; 95% confidence interval, 0.18 ~ 0.64; p < 0.001) was demonstrated. Conclusions: An earlier prenatal SDM intervention with sufficient information through videoclips increased parturients' comprehensions and satisfaction of epidural analgesia service. Trial registration: ISRCTN registry, 14,256,563. Registered April 1st, 2020 (https://doi.org/10.1186/ISRCTN14256563).

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Cheng, W. J., Hung, K. C., Ho, C. H., Yu, C. H., Chen, Y. C., Wu, M. P., … Chang, Y. J. (2020). Satisfaction in parturients receiving epidural analgesia after prenatal shared decision-making intervention: A prospective, before-and-after cohort study. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12884-020-03085-6

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