This chapter provides an overview of the current state-of-the-art in the engineering of microbial electrodes for application in microbial electrosynthesis. First, important functional aspects and requirements of basic materials for microbial electrodes are introduced, including the meaningful benchmarking of electrode performance, a comparison of electrode materials, and methods to improve microbe–electrode interaction. Suitable current collectors and composite materials that combine different functionalities are also discussed. Subsequently, the chapter focuses on the design of macroscopic electrode structures. Aspects such as mass transfer and electrode topology are touched upon, and a comparison of the performance of microbial electrodes relevant for practical application is provided. The chapter closes with an overall conclusion and outlook, highlighting the future prospects and challenges for the engineering of microbial electrodes toward practical application in the field of microbial electrosynthesis.
Kerzenmacher, S. (2019). Engineering of microbial electrodes. In Advances in Biochemical Engineering/Biotechnology (Vol. 167, pp. 135–180). Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH. https://doi.org/10.1007/10_2017_16