Produção e composição de frutos de laranjeira cv. ‘Lane Late’ em resposta à adubação nitrogenada em um Argissolo Vermelho

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Abstract

Little is known about the impact of N fertilization on fruit production and composition in orange groves grown in soils with low or medium organic matter content in Rio Grande do Sul (RS). This study aimed to evaluate how N fertilization of orange trees cv. ‘Lane Late’ in a sandy soil may interfere in fruit yield and composition of fruit and juice. The experiment was conducted with orange trees cv. ‘Lane Late’ growing in Sandy Typic Hapludalf soil, in Rosário do Sul (RS). The plants received applications of 0, 20, 40, 60, 80, 100, 120, 140 and 160kg N ha-1. Total N in leaves, number of fruits per plant, yield, fresh weight, fruit diameter, peel thickness, percentage of fruit juice, peel color, juice color, ascorbic acid content, total soluble solids (TSS) and total titratable acidity were evaluated in 2010/2011 and 2011/2012 crops. In the first crop, especially yield, number of fruits per plant, TSS content in fruit juice and ratio decreased with increasing N rate applied. However, in the second crop, the total titratable acidity of the fruit juice prominently increased with the dose of N applied. In both crops, results were highly influenced by rainfall distribution, which affect the plant physiology, soil N dynamics and, consequently, probability of response to N applied and the loss of mineral N in the soil.

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Brunetto, G., Cella, C., Miotto, A., Girotto, E., Lorensini, F., Brackmann, A., … Ambrosini, V. G. (2017). Produção e composição de frutos de laranjeira cv. ‘Lane Late’ em resposta à adubação nitrogenada em um Argissolo Vermelho. Ciencia Rural, 47(3). https://doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20140869

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