This chapter is about water security issues in urban areas of Latin America. It argues that development of water infrastructure has been impressive, but insufficient to consolidate water security in the region. It discusses why this region of plenty is still water-insecure. It reviews key issues in the nexus between cities and water, before discussing the findings and implications of recent analytical work by CAF (Development Bank of Latin America) on water security in 26 medium-size cities of the region. Finally, it claims that it would be possible to close the water infrastructure gap by 2030, and make substantial progress towards urban water security in Latin America, with investments that are equivalent to 0.3% of GDP over a period of 20 years, in parallel with substantial improvements in the governance of the services provided by water infrastructure.
Carrera, J., Arroyo, V., Rojas, F., & Mejia, A. (2018). Water security in Latin America: The urban dimension. Empirical evidence and policy implications from 26 cities. In Water Resources Development and Management (pp. 217–232). Springer. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-7913-9_9