Stereotactic radiosurgery for treatment of brain metastases: A report of the DEGRO Working Group on Stereotactic Radiotherapy

109Citations
Citations of this article
111Readers
Mendeley users who have this article in their library.
Get full text

Abstract

Background: This report from the Working Group on Stereotaktische Radiotherapie of the German Society of Radiation Oncology (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Radioonkologie, DEGRO) provides recommendations for the use of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) on patients with brain metastases. It considers existing international guidelines and details them where appropriate. Results and discussion: The main recommendations are: Patients with solid tumors except germ cell tumors and small-cell lung cancer with a life expectancy of more than 3 months suffering from a single brain metastasis of less than 3 cm in diameter should be considered for SRS. Especially when metastases are not amenable to surgery, are located in the brain stem, and have no mass effect, SRS should be offered to the patient. For multiple (two to four) metastases-all less than 2.5 cm in diameter-in patients with a life expectancy of more than 3 months, SRS should be used rather than whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT). Adjuvant WBRT after SRS for both single and multiple (two to four) metastases increases local control and reduces the frequency of distant brain metastases, but does not prolong survival when compared with SRS and salvage treatment. As WBRT carries the risk of inducing neurocognitive damage, it seems reasonable to withhold WBRT for as long as possible. Conclusion: A single (marginal) dose of 20 Gy is a reasonable choice that balances the effect on the treated lesion (local control, partial remission) against the risk of late side effects (radionecrosis). Higher doses (22-25 Gy) may be used for smaller (

Cite

CITATION STYLE

APA

Kocher, M., Wittig, A., Piroth, M. D., Treuer, H., Seegenschmiedt, H., Ruge, M., … Guckenberger, M. (2014). Stereotactic radiosurgery for treatment of brain metastases: A report of the DEGRO Working Group on Stereotactic Radiotherapy. Strahlentherapie Und Onkologie, 190(6), 521–532. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00066-014-0648-7

Register to see more suggestions

Mendeley helps you to discover research relevant for your work.

Already have an account?

Save time finding and organizing research with Mendeley

Sign up for free