The effect of music therapy on pain, anxiety and depression in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting

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Abstract

Objective: The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of music therapy on pain, anxiety and depression in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting. Methods: A retrospective study of 99 patients after coronary artery bypass from January 2017 to January 2019 was conducted in a cardiac center in China. According to the different interventions, all the participants were divided into 3 groups: group A: music therapy; group B: rest without music therapy; and group C: conventional treatment. The Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), Self-Rating Anxiety Scale (SAS) and Self-Rating Depression Scale (SDS) were used to measure the patient's pain, anxiety and depression before and after 30 min of the intervention. Results: There were no significant differences in the NRS, SDS and SAS scores between the three groups of patients before the intervention. After 30 min of music therapy, the NRS, SDS and SAS scores of patients in group A were significantly lower than those before music therapy, and the differences were statistically significant. However, before and after the intervention in groups B and C, the NRS, SDS and SAS scores were not statistically significant. By comparison among the three groups after 30 min of intervention, the NRS, SDS and SAS scores in patients in group A were significantly lower than those in groups B and C, and the differences were statistically significant. The scores were not significantly different between groups B and C. Conclusion: Music therapy can effectively alleviate the pain, anxiety and depression of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting.

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APA

Dai, W. S., Huang, S. T., Xu, N., Chen, Q., & Cao, H. (2020). The effect of music therapy on pain, anxiety and depression in patients after coronary artery bypass grafting. Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13019-020-01141-y

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