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This article explores the ways in which city policymakers in Europe frame the reasons for provision of welfare services to migrants with irregular status. In the context of restrictive national legal and policy frameworks, the article explores a tendency toward municipal activism in extending access to services, providing a typology of six policy frames used by policy makers that identify the intended beneficiaries and stated policy aims. Drawing on interviews with local policymakers and documentary sources, the article contributes to our understanding of the reasons why some European cities provide services to this particular section of the migrant population.
Spencer, S., & Delvino, N. (2019). Municipal Activism on Irregular Migrants: The Framing of Inclusive Approaches at the Local Level. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 17(1), 27–43. https://doi.org/10.1080/15562948.2018.1519867