Effect of hydrodynamic cavitation water treatment on Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing molecules

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Abstract

Hydrodynamic cavitation treatment was used for the functional inactivation of quorum-sensing lactone molecules of Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Hydroxyl radicals formed as well as the shear effects during the cavitation process induced the inactivation of the signal molecules through hydrolysis reaction coupled with bacterial destruction. Concentration of two different types of homoserine lactones (HSL) molecules was tested after the treatment at various rotational speeds. It was found that the strongest effects can be achieved at speeds > 2000 rpm. This value is considered as an onset speed of dominant cavitation, and it is in agreement with literature data. The experimental trends were in agreement with the calculations based on the finite element modelling, which show a significant increase in average shear stress at higher rotational speeds. Overall, the work has demonstrated the possible effects of hydrodynamic cavitation on the quorum-sensing molecules of Pseudomonas aeruginosa for the first time.

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Zara, B., Polgár, M., Sipos, G., Dóka, G., Gogate, P., Djokovic, V., & Csóka, L. (2021). Effect of hydrodynamic cavitation water treatment on Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum-sensing molecules. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 28(20), 26182–26186. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11356-021-13930-6

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