A time-domain homogenization technique is developed to take the eddy currents in lamination stacks into account with dual 3-D magnetodynamic b- and h-conform finite element formulations. The lamination stack is considered as a source region carrying predefined current density and magnetic flux density distributions describing the eddy currents and skin effect in each lamination. These distributions are related and are approximated with sub-basis functions. The stacked laminations are then converted into continuums with which terms are associated for considering the eddy current loops produced by parallel fluxes, through the homogenization of the sub-basis function contributions. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Dular, P. (2008). A time-domain homogenization technique for lamination stacks in dual finite element formulations. Journal of Computational and Applied Mathematics, 215(2), 390–399. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cam.2006.04.073