Retrospective analysis of the clinical features of 172 patients with BCR-ABL1-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms

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Abstract

Background: To explore the clinical features of the patients with BCR-ABL1-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms (MPNs) in our hospital and to reveal the unique features of BCR-ABL1-negative MPNs patients in our center. Methods: Retrospective analysis of routine karyotype analysis results, driver gene mutations and other related clinical parameters of 172 patients with newly diagnosed BCR-ABL1-negative MPNs who were admitted to our hospital between October 2013 and June 2018. Results: (1) The rate of karyotypic abnormalities were 25, 6.3 and 2.9% in primary myelofibrosis (PMF), polycythemia vera (PV) and essential thrombocythemia (ET) patients, respectively. (2) The mutation rate of JAK2-V617F was 62.5%, and that of the CALR, MPL and EZH2 genes was 4.2% in PMF. The mutation rates of JAK2-V617F and JAK2-12exon were 91.3 and 1.3% in PV, respectively. The mutation rates of JAK2-V617F and CALR were 69.1 and 11.8% in ET, respectively. (3) Patients with JAK2-V617F mutation than with the wild-type gene were more often female in PMF (P = 0.027); had higher peripheral blood white blood cell (WBC) counts (P = 0.006), platelet (PLT) count (P = 0.001) and splenomegaly (P < 0.05) in PV; and had higher WBC (P = 0.001), hemoglobin concentrations (P = 0.001), lower PLT (P = 0.037), splenomegaly and endogenous coagulopathy (P < 0.05) in ET. (4) Among the PV and ET patients, those with thrombus were older than those in the nonthrombotic group. Conclusion: PMF patients have more chromosomal abnormalities than PV and ET patients, and the effect of driver mutations on the clinical features of patients with MPNs differs among the three subtypes.

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Lin, X., Huang, H., & Chen, P. (2020). Retrospective analysis of the clinical features of 172 patients with BCR-ABL1-negative chronic myeloproliferative neoplasms. Molecular Cytogenetics, 13(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s13039-020-0471-z

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