Human trafficking, including both sex and labor trafficking, has profound consequences for the safety, health, and well-being of victims and survivors. Efforts to address human trafficking through prevention, protection, and prosecution are growing but remain insufficient. Mandatory reporting has the potential to bring victims and survivors to the attention of social service and law enforcement agencies but may discourage trafficked persons from seeking help, thereby limiting the ability of health care professionals to establish trust and provide needed care. States' experience in implementing child abuse laws can be useful in assessing the potential risks and benefits of mandatory reporting of human trafficking.
Mandatory Reporting of Human Trafficking: Potential Benefits and Risks of Harm. (2017). AMA Journal of Ethics, 19(1), 54–62. https://doi.org/10.1001/journalofethics.2017.19.1.pfor1-1701