Heavy metal contaminants removal by soil washing

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The feasibility of soil washing for decontaminating a silty sand spiked with cadmium, chromium, lead, and zinc was evaluated in laboratory-scale batch and column experiments. Soil samples were subjected to chelant extraction using a solution of disodium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (Na2EDTA), sodium metabisulfite (Na2S2O5) solution (an inexpensive reducing reagent), and a solution containing a mixture of the two reagents. Batch and column washing of the contaminated soil with deionized water (DI water) revealed that ~70% of the cadmium in the sample is weakly bound and readily mobilized in aqueous solution at neutral pH, followed by ~25%-30% of zinc, ~20%-25% chromium, and only ~10% of lead. Of the washing reagents tested, Na2EDTA solutions were generally more effective than Na2S2O5 for removing heavy metals from the soil samples. Na2EDTA preferentially extracted lead over zinc and cadmium but exhibited little impact on chromium removal. Cadmium and, especially zinc, removal by a 0.01-M Na2EDTA solution were enhanced considerably by inclusion of 0.1 M Na2S2O5, suggesting that a mixture of the two reagents may provide an economically optimum solution for certain contaminated soils. Copyright (C) 1999 Elsevier Science B.V.




Abumaizar, R. J., & Smith, E. H. (1999). Heavy metal contaminants removal by soil washing. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 70(1–2), 71–86. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-3894(99)00149-1

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