Automatic infection detection based on electronic medical records

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Abstract

Background: Making accurate patient care decision, as early as possible, is a constant challenge, especially for physicians in the emergency department. The increasing volumes of electronic medical records (EMRs) open new horizons for automatic diagnosis. In this paper, we propose to use machine learning approaches for automatic infection detection based on EMRs. Five categories of information are utilized for prediction, including personal information, admission note, vital signs, diagnose test results and medical image diagnose. Results: Experimental results on a newly constructed EMRs dataset from emergency department show that machine learning models can achieve a decent performance for infection detection with area under the receiver operator characteristic curve (AUC) of 0.88. Out of all the five types of information, admission note in text form makes the most contribution with the AUC of 0.87. Conclusions: This study provides a state-of-the-art EMRs processing system to automatically make medical decisions. It extracts five types of features associated with infection and achieves a decent performance on automatic infection detection based on machine learning models.

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APA

Tou, H., Yao, L., Wei, Z., Zhuang, X., & Zhang, B. (2018). Automatic infection detection based on electronic medical records. BMC Bioinformatics, 19. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12859-018-2101-x

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