BACKGROUND: Retrospective survival data have suggested poor effectiveness of oxygen therapy in patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD). OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of domiciliary oxygen therapy on survival and quality of life in patients with a diagnosis of ILD and hypoxaemia. SEARCH STRATEGY: Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) were identified using the Cochrane Airways Group register and the search terms: (home OR domiciliary AND oxygen AND (Interstitial lung disease OR ILD OR pulmonary fibrosis OR IPF)). SELECTION CRITERIA: Any randomized controlled trial (RCT) in adult patients with hypoxaemia and ILD that compared long term domiciliary or home oxygen therapy with a control group. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: Only one unpublished RCT was identified. MAIN RESULTS: Only one trial was identified. Mortality for both the oxygen treated and control groups was approximately 91% after 3 years (Peto odds ratio 0.99, 95% confidence intervals 0.16,6.26). The effect of oxygen therapy on quality of life and physiological parameters was not reported. REVIEWER'S CONCLUSIONS: The assumption that home oxygen therapy has a beneficial survival effect in patients with ILD has not been demonstrated in the single RCT identified.
Crockett, A., Cranston, J. M., & Antic, N. (2001). Domiciliary oxygen for interstitial lung disease. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. https://doi.org/10.1002/14651858.cd002883