In vitro activity of the novel siderophore cephalosporin, cefiderocol, in Gram-negative pathogens in Europe by site of infection

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Abstract

Objectives: We assessed the activity of the novel siderophore cephalosporin, cefiderocol and selected other antibacterial agents against Gram-negative bacterial isolates in Europe. Methods: Isolates were obtained between 2013 and 2018 from European countries participating in the SIDERO-WT and SIDERO-Proteeae multinational surveillance studies. Isolates were categorised by infection site, focusing on bloodstream infections, hospital-acquired/ventilator-associated bacterial pneumonia (HABP/VABP), complicated intra-abdominal infections and complicated urinary tract infections. Cefiderocol activity was compared with ceftazidime–avibactam, ceftolozane–tazobactam, colistin and meropenem using standard susceptibility testing methods. European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing (EUCAST) breakpoints were used to interpret susceptibility data. Results: Isolates (n = 20 911) were collected from 145 sites in 24 countries in Europe, the highest proportion (34%) being from patients with HABP/VABP. Enterobacterales (66.6% of isolates) were more frequent than glucose non-fermenting species (33.4%) overall, with some differences between infection sites. Across all infection sites, the MIC50/MIC90 for cefiderocol was ≤0.5/≤2 mg/L for Enterobacter spp., ≤0.25/<2 mg/L for Klebsiella spp., 0.12/2 mg/L for Acinetobacter spp., ≤0.25/1 mg/L for Pseudomonas aeruginosa and ≤0.12/≤0.5 mg/L for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. Across all infection sites, cefiderocol MICs were ≤2 mg/L for ≥96% of Enterobacter spp., ≥95% of Klebsiella spp., ≥90% of Acinetobacter spp. and ≥99% of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia isolates. Cefiderocol maintained high activity in carbapenem-resistant isolates, and the difference in activity between carbapenem-resistant (percentage susceptibility at EUCAST breakpoint: E. coli 77.8%, Klebsiella spp. 69.2%, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 97.5%, Acinetobacter spp. 90.7%, Stenotrophomonas maltophilia 99.6%) and carbapenem-susceptible (percentage susceptibility at EUCAST breakpoint: E. coli 99.4%, Klebsiella spp. 98.0%, Pseudomonas aeruginosa 99.7%, Acinetobacter spp. 94.9%) isolates was lower for cefiderocol than other agents. Conclusions: Cefiderocol had excellent activity against all Gram-negative species, independent of key infection site and carbapenem MIC. Cefiderocol is a useful addition to the therapeutic options available for these difficult-to-treat infections.

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Candel, F. J., Santerre Henriksen, A., Longshaw, C., Yamano, Y., & Oliver, A. (2022). In vitro activity of the novel siderophore cephalosporin, cefiderocol, in Gram-negative pathogens in Europe by site of infection. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 28(3), 447.e1-447.e6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cmi.2021.07.018

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