Recovery services and expectation of consumers and mental health professionals in community-based residential facilities of Ghana

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Abstract

Background: In the past decades, considerable global attention has been drawn to recovery services that seek to promote the personal recovery journey of consumers with mental illness. However, in most settings, including Ghana, limited empirical studies have attempted to explore, from the perspectives of Mental Health Professionals (MHPs) and consumers, the effectiveness of recovery services and expectation towards the recovery. This study, therefore, explored consumers' and MHPs perspectives concerning recovery services and expectations towards recovery in two community-based residential facilities in Ghana. Methods: A qualitative method, involving in-depth interviews and observations, were used to collect data from 24 participants (5 MHPs and 19 consumers). Thematic analysis was used to analyze the data. Results: The study identified three global themes and nine organizing themes. The global themes were recovery services offered to consumers, expectation regarding personal recovery and challenges in achieving recovery. The study found that recovery services were expected to improve the internal and external recovery processes of consumers. The internal recovery process was independent living whilst the external recovery process were management of illness, economic empowerment and social inclusion. Several systemic and consumer-related factors influenced consumers' and MHPs expectation concerning the recovery journey. Conclusion: The study concludes that the government should prioritize the use of recovery services through policies, financial incentives, infrastructure support, and adequate training of MHPs.

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Gyamfi, N., Badu, E., Mprah, W. K., & Mensah, I. (2020). Recovery services and expectation of consumers and mental health professionals in community-based residential facilities of Ghana. BMC Psychiatry, 20(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12888-020-02768-w

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