The terms 'holism' and 'reductionism' are often used loosely especially in medical contexts. In an attempt to remedy this, these terms are explored from the standpoints of: philosophy of science, medicine, genetics, history of genetics and clinical genetics. A sense for 'reductionism' is developed in part by focusing on the related histories of classical genetics and clinical genetics.This done, the dichotomy between holism and reductionism, whether inbasic genetics or the genetic counseling situation, loses much of its force. © 1981 by D. Reidel Publishing Co.
Zucker, A. (1981). Holism and reductionism: A view from genetics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy (United Kingdom), 6(2), 145–163. https://doi.org/10.1093/jmp/6.2.145