The spectral dependence of aerosol light absorption (αabs) and single-scattering albedo—[ω, defined as the ratio of the scattering (αscat) and extinction coefficients (αext = αabs + αscat)]—has proven effective in classifying dominant aerosol types. It is also helpful in understanding aerosol sources, transformation, climate and environmental effects, testing aerosol models, and improving the retrieval accuracy of satellite and remote sensing data. Despite the significant progress that has been made with measurement of light absorption and ω, many of the reported instruments either operate at a fixed wavelength or can only measure a single optical parameter. Quantitative multi-parameter wavelength-dependent measurement remains a challenge. In this work, a three-wavelength cavity-enhanced albedometer was developed. The albedometer can measure multiple optical parameters, αext, αscat, αabs, and ω, at λ = 365, 532, and 660 nm, in real time. The instrument’s performance was evaluated using four different type laboratory generated aerosols, including polystyrene latex spheres (PSL, non-absorbing); ammonium sulfate (AS, non-absorbing); suwannee river fulvic acid (SRFA, slightly absorbing; a proxy for light absorbing organic aerosol); and nigrosin (strongly absorbing).
Xu, X., Zhao, W., Fang, B., Zhou, J., Wang, S., Zhang, W., … Chen, W. (2018). Three-wavelength cavity-enhanced albedometer for measuring wavelength-dependent optical properties and single-scattering albedo of aerosols. Optics Express, 26(25), 33484. https://doi.org/10.1364/oe.26.033484