Background: Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic transmural inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract of unknown cause. Malnutrition associated with active CD has been reduced although obesity has increased. Dietary strategies such as those with high-protein have been proposed to reduce body fat. This study compares the effects of two supplements on the nutritional status of CD patients. Materials and Methods: 68 CD patients were randomized in two groups: whey protein group (WP) and soy protein group (SP). Using bioimpedance analysis, anthropometry and albumin and pre-albumin dosages the nutritional status was measured before starting the intervention and after 8 and 16 weeks. The disease activity was determined by Crohn’s Disease Activity Index and serum C-reactive protein dosage and dietary intake by 24h dietary recalls. Results: Forty-one patients concluded the study and both supplements changed body composition similarly. Triceps skin fold thickness (p< 0.001) and body fat percentage (p=0.001) decreased, whereas mid-arm muscle circumference (p=0.004), corrected arm muscle area (p=0.005) and body lean percentage (p=0.001) increased. Conclusions: For Crohn’s disease patients undergoing anti TNF-alpha and azatioprine therapies, supplementation with whey and soy proteins changes body composition through reduction of body fat and thus contributes to control inflammation.
Machado, J. F., Oya, V., Coy, C. S. R., Morcillo, A. M., Severino, S. D., Wu, C., … dos Santos Vilela, M. M. (2015). suplementos de proteÍna de suero y soya cambia la composiciÓn corporal en los pacientes con enfermedad de crohn sometidos con azatioprina y anti-TNF-alfa terapias. Nutricion Hospitalaria, 31(4), 1603–1610. https://doi.org/10.3305/nh.2015.31.4.8362