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Background: It is estimated that there are about 74,000 primary multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) patients per year according to the prevalence of MDR-TB of 5.7% among new TB patients in China. Thus, the risks of primary transmission of MDR-TB require further attention. This study aimed to identify the factors associated with primary transmission of MDR-TB in Henan province, where the number of new TB patients is ranked second highest in China. Methods: A 1:1 matched case-control study was conducted in Henan, China. Cases were primary MDR-TB patients who were individually matched with a healthy control without TB from the same neighborhood. The study was conducted from July 2013 to June 2014. Both case and control were matched by age (±5 years) and sex. Conditional logistic regression was used to compute adjusted odds ratios (AORs) with corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for risk factors associated with primary MDR-TB. Results: For the study, 146 pairs of participants were recruited. The final multivariable logistic regression model disclosed that after adjusting for age and sex, primary MDR-TB cases were more likely to be single (AOR, 5.4; 95% CI, 1.4-20.7), earn an annual income of ≤ 12,000 yuan (RMB) (AOR, 9.9; 95% CI, 2.0-48.1), experience more life pressure/stress (AOR, 10.8; 95% CI, 2.8-41.5), not be medically insured (AOR, 50.1; 95% CI, 8.2-306.8), and suffer from diabetes, cardiovascular disease or other respiratory diseases, or cancer (AOR, 57.1; 95% CI, 8.6-424.2). Conclusions: In order to control primary transmission of MDR-TB in China, we recommend that improving the social support, living standards and medical security of the lower social class become a priority.
Li, W. B., Zhang, Y. Q., Xing, J., Ma, Z. Y., Qu, Y. H., & Li, X. X. (2015). Factors associated with primary transmission of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis compared with healthy controls in Henan Province, China. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 4(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40249-015-0045-1