Social representations of older adults regarding quality of life

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Abstract

Objective:: to identify the social representations of older adults regarding quality of life, and to analyze the care practices adopted to promote it. Method:: qualitative, exploratory, descriptive research, applying the Theory of Social Representations. Thirty older people from a Health Academy of Rio de Janeiro participated in the study. The software Alceste was used, and lexical analysis of data was performed. Results:: social representations of quality of life are based on the social determinants of health; they evidence knowledge and practices of care by valuing physical activities. The practices promoting quality of life comprise healthy eating habits, daily physical exercise, social participation, interaction and socialization, accomplishment of leisure activities and daily tasks with independence and autonomy, and support and family contact. Final considerations:: the elderly have a global understanding of the concept of quality of life, coordinate knowledge built in daily life and knowledge coming from the technical-professional field, which evidences the multidimensionality of the concept. Objetivo:: identificar as representações sociais de idosos sobre qualidade de vida e analisar as práticas de cuidado por eles adotadas para promovê-la. Método:: pesquisa qualitativa, exploratória, descritiva, com aplicação da Teoria das Representações Sociais. Participaram 30 idosos de uma Academia Carioca de Saúde. Utilizou-se o software Alceste e realizou-se análise lexical dos dados. Resultados:: As representações sociais de qualidade de vida sustentam-se nos determinantes sociais de saúde, evidenciam saberes e práticas de cuidado, com valorização de atividades físicas. As práticas promotoras de qualidade de vida congregam hábitos alimentares saudáveis, exercícios físicos diários, participação social, convívio e interação, realização de atividades de lazer e tarefas cotidianas com independência e autonomia, apoio e contato familiar. Considerações finais:: Os idosos têm uma compreensão global do conceito de qualidade de vida, articulam saberes construídos no cotidiano e advindos do campo técnico-profissional, o que evidencia a multidimensionalidade do conceito.

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APA

Ferreira, M. C. G., Tura, L. F. R., Silva, R. C. da, & Ferreira, M. de A. (2017). Social representations of older adults regarding quality of life. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 70(4), 806–813. https://doi.org/10.1590/0034-7167-2017-0097

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