The impact of preload on 3-dimensional deformation parameters: Principal strain, twist and torsion

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Abstract

Background: Strain analysis is feasible using three-dimensional (3D) echocardiography. This approach provides various parameters based on speckle tracking analysis from one full-volume image of the left ventricle; however, evidence for its volume independence is still lacking. Methods: Fifty-eight subjects who were examined by transthoracic echocardiography immediately before and after hemodialysis (HD) were enrolled. Real-time full-volume 3D echocardiographic images were acquired and analyzed using dedicated software. Two-dimensional (2D) longitudinal strain (LS) was also measured for comparison with 3D strain values. Results: Longitudinal (pre-HD: -24.57 ± 2.51, post-HD: -21.42 ± 2.15, P < 0.001); circumferential (pre-HD: -33.35 ± 3.50, post-HD: -30.90 ± 3.22, P < 0.001); and radial strain (pre-HD: 46.47 ± 4.27, post-HD: 42.90 ± 3.61, P < 0.001) values were significantly decreased after HD. The values of 3D principal strain (PS), a unique parameter of 3D images, were affected by acute preload changes (pre-HD: -38.10 ± 3.71, post-HD: -35.33 ± 3.22, P < 0.001). Twist and torsion values were decreased after HD (pre-HD: 17.69 ± 7.80, post-HD: 13.34 ± 6.92, P < 0.001; and pre-HD: 2.04 ± 0.86, post-HD:1.59 ± 0.80, respectively, P < 0.001). The 2D LS values correlated with the 3D LS and PS values. Conclusion: Various parameters representing left ventricular mechanics were easily acquired from 3D echocardiographic images; however, like conventional parameters, they were affected by acute preload changes. Therefore, strain values from 3D echocardiography should be interpreted with caution while considering the preload conditions of the patients.

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Ahn, H. S., Kim, Y. K., Song, H. C., Choi, E. J., Kim, G. H., Cho, J. S., … Youn, H. J. (2017). The impact of preload on 3-dimensional deformation parameters: Principal strain, twist and torsion. Cardiovascular Ultrasound, 15(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12947-017-0111-x

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